Today I Learn… I make a point of learning something new everyday. This is what I learn each day

1, Mar 16, 2013

What is China’s National People’s Congress?

Filed under: China — admin @ 12:04 am

Most Americans have some vague idea about China’s political system. Honestly, I don’t think many Chinese have a clear idea on this either.

Last weekend, I talked to my mother about the twin meetings in China. I asked her if China’s National People’s Congress (NPC or quan-guo-ren-da) functions like U.S. Congress or European parliament, like establishing laws. My mother said yes.

Then, I asked her the relationship between Chinese Communist Party and National People’s Congress. She said party was still above NPC. “Does it mean party is also above the law, if it is above law-making body?” I asked her. Of course, she did not have the answer. Here’s a quote from China’s latest constitution on the function of NPC, in theory at least.

According to the 1982 Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, “All power in the People’s Republic of China belongs to the people. The organs through which the people exercise state power are the National People’s Congress and the local people’s congresses at different levels.” chpt1, article2.

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